Teresa's boyfriend Bernardo is gaining weight. While students work on their ideas, pass out the verbs and adjectives list found in Appendix 1. Then, introduce some gerund phrases. Starting with a gerund is no different than ending with one or having one in the middle. in a haystack (prepositional phrase as adverb). The exercises are great ! This was difficult for him because he enjoyed _________________ (eat) chocolate and he preferred _________________ (drink) beer to Diet Coke! Thank you for sharing. It is important to note the distinction betweenthe gerund verbandthe present participle. A streamers job is _______________ (play) video games online and broadcast the gameplay on his or her channel for others _______________ (watch). It may seem easy to broadcast yourself playing games on the internet, but the life of a streamer can be difficult. Are you going to stop _________________ (do) something on the way home today? If students are likely to all pick the same country or similar countries, you can have students draw the names of countries out of a hat or box to ensure students all pick different countries. One month ago, my friend Bernardo decided to lose some weight. Here are 50 Examples of Gerunds; 1. So the key thing about English language is to use the right words in the right form and at the right time, regardless of the technical 'names' for the words. Group B: Have the students in Group B move around the room and look at the country signs. Great lessons..thanks so much for sharing. This weeks lesson introduces WOOP, which is a way of planning for future success. Sometimes it can be problematic to spot a gerund in a sentence or to use it correctly. If you want to be happy, you should do five things. Excellent exercises !Thank you very much . Next, on the board write the word E-Sports. Living in an English-speaking environment, you would quickly realize that there is no proscription against it, as it is natural in speech as well. What movies or TV shows do you recommend seeing? The writing should be large enough to see from a distance. Directions: Cut out the job and job description cards below. Speaking, listening (primary focus); reading, writing (secondary focus). 2. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. My friend Bernardo liked to eat McDonald's hamburgers. We are so grateful for your works. 1. Luckily, his girlfriend agreed _________________ (help) him. That group of sentences is called a paragraph. The worksheet can be previewed below in its entirely. Gerund & Infinitive Stories Grammar Stories Int All ages Grades 6-12 In this lesson, students read two stories that use gerunds and infinitives in context. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. 1. Gerund Worksheets. We were winning by 16 points, but the other team came back to make the game close. Their functions, however, overlap. rev2023.4.21.43403. Now, Im going to try it in the stories. It's important to listen during an interview. This is how I begin. But he had a problem. For example, in "I like cycling" the noun cycling is a gerund. The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. He was gaining weight. Have students take out a piece of paper and a pen or pencil and write down their answers to these questions. Is there a generic term for these trajectories? These questions match the verbs in Story #2 above. True, some nouns are gerunds and some are not, but, for all practical purposes this makes no difference whatsoever to English grammar usage. A: Do you enjoy to go to concerts? And now, whenever someone asks me what I wanted to be when I was a kid, I'm happy to answer: I wanted to be a basketball player. If there's an error, they can clarify the question (Sorry, did you ask me?) God bless you more. Practice with Gerunds and Infinitives Ask a friend or family the questions below. 5 Object complement: I see myself biking every day . Gerund and Infinitive Exercises - Quiz 1 Ali's Story Booking The School In the United States, universities have begun _______________ (offer) scholarships to students _______________ (play) video games on a university team, the same as baseball, soccer, or basketball athletes. 8. Thank you so much. The goal of this warm-up activity is to introduce students to some jobs that they may not know exist. Thank you this lesson plan is very helpful and interesting for my students. Print out enough copies of the Professional Gamer reading in Appendix 1 for each student in the class. He remembersvisitingnew places every Christmas and summer holiday. Due to this popularity, organizers of the Olympics are considering including e-sports in future Olympic games. It encourages people to take actions that make their dreams possible. Then in the next class, have them present their sentences along with any additional information they learned about the job. After a few minutes, she decided _________ him in. (+ Cloze Paragraph) My friend Bernardo liked to eat McDonald's hamburgers. He hopes that he never stops _____________. Eventually, I stopped watching basketball even though I still liked playing it from time to time. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Generate points along line, specifying the origin of point generation in QGIS. Great ideas! Video gaming as a professional sport, or e-sports, is the fastest growing sporting event in the world. He remembers _____________ new places every Christmas and summer holiday. Your email address will not be published. English version of Russian proverb "The hedgehogs got pricked, cried, but continued to eat the cactus", enjoy another stunning sunset 'over' a glass of assyrtiko. Activity Part One: Professional gamer reading. Gardening in the summertime can get challenging due to the harsh heat of the sun. This weeks Teachers Corner practices using gerunds and infinitives through a reading activity on professional video gaming. (I enjoyed playing), What do you remember doing with your friends after school? and then answer it. As students share their answers in pairs or small groups to the question, write on the board the following: What do you do now that keeps you from doing it? The three verbals gerunds, infinitives, and participlesare formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. She saw him pass by McDonalds, but then he stopped _________. What are you looking forward to ___________ (do) tonight or tomorrow? Like other forms of writing, paragraphs follow a standard three-part structure with a beginning, middle, and end. Beloware some short stories I have written with common verb + infinitive / verb + gerund collocations. Beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph; gerund, participle, or simply a word with that particular spelling it does not matter. This was difficult for him because he enjoyed eating chocolate and he preferred to drink/drinking beer to Diet Coke! Once students have matched a job title to a description, they should stand together in a pair. Give half of the students a job title card, and give the remaining students the matching job description cards. Teresa expected Bernardo to lose weight, but nothing changed. (The gerund is, They do not appreciate my assistance. My job is to draw blood from patients at the hospital. Put your students in pairs, and let them give it a try. Now they refuse to speak to each other. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. But one month ago, his girlfriend told him to lose weight, so he decidedto joina gym. In the United States, universities have begun to offer scholarships to students to play video games on a university team, the same as baseball, soccer, or basketball athletes. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Ask students to think about where they will be twenty years in the future. In the end, he had a great trip. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. tnq very much for the stories they helped me very much. English has no such rule regarding gerunds. (correct). These verbals are important in phrases. Use the following verbs and adjectives to create sentences about the future. Like nouns, gerunds can function in various ways in a sentence. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Their job is to listen to the question and indicate if it's correct or incorrect. 5. you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) Beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph; gerund, participle, or simply a word with that particular spelling it does not matter. The gerund functions as the subject of the sentence and therefore as a noun: Remember the trick to finding the subject of a sentence is by asking the question, what? Like most teenagers, I found new hobbies, new interests, and new friends. This activity takes place during two separate class periods. Note: For advanced classes, have students share their partners unique job in order to practice using reported speech. (tell) 2. My job is to study the formation and activity of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. It is simply a technical term used by linguistic analysts within their speciality field. Work through an example together as a class by filling in the last column on the table. He's looking forward _________________ (lose) more weight. Finally, committing acts of kindness is one of the most important methods of increasing happiness. Teresa's boyfriend Bernardo is gaining weight. Whats also effective is that you are asking students to retell the story. As a quick review, ask the students where the infinitive verbs are in the sentences above (Teachers could also ask students to idenitify gerunds here, though not the focus of this activity). Review infinitives while making future plans, Practice speaking skills by discussing their wishes for the future. About English Current . This time, Group B presents their countries information, and the students in Group A visit the countries. Thank you very much for sharing. This activity combines a review of reported speech (i.e. However, we kept drinking until we ran out of money. Have the students write down the name of their country on the paper. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. As students call out the answers, circle or underline the infinitive verbs in the sentences. . After a month, he had lost a few pounds. 3 Direct object: I love biking. In the second sentence, "hiking" is a verb. Jumping is fun.. 2. This is a true story about me. But one month ago, his girlfriend told him __________ weight, so he decided __________ a gym. Parallelism is crucial when writing about comparisons or using a point-counterpart format. the boss (subject complement for Jeff, via state of being expressed in gerund). A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. He triedto stop, but he couldn't. You can go to cinema when youve finished doing your homework. Once the students are finished, have them form pairs or small groups and review their answers together. 7. It is preceded by "be" (am) and follows the subject. Another method to boost happiness is by using our strengths. Toconduct itin full, first explain to your students that they will be asking each other questions that contain verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives. "Living in Costa Rica also gave me the opportunity to interact with the local population." Inform the students that today the class will learn about video games and e-sports through a reading activity. Very helpful lesson plan and activities! (The gerund is, The police arrested him for criminal activity. Fling this rule away, wherever you heard or misheard it. Improving the copy in the close modal and post notices - 2023 edition, New blog post from our CEO Prashanth: Community is the future of AI. With hard work and lots of practice, players can turn their love of video games into an exciting career as a professional athlete or as an entertaining streamer. The activities are wonderful ! In this lesson, students read two stories that use gerunds and infinitives in context. 1. Use the chart in this chapter to decide if you should use a gerund or infinitive with each verb or phrase. Michael Jordan was in his prime at that time, and I enjoyed watching him lead the Chicago Bulls to numerous championships. Note: Students do not need to strictly follow the order of sentences as written on the board. The Difference between 'a few/few/a little/little', The Difference between "Other" & "Another", clarifying-questions-gerunds-infinitives.docx, The Gender Pay Gap (Advanced Lesson Plan), The Big Five Personality Traits (Upper-Intermediate Lesson), The Big Five Personality Traits (Advanced Lesson Plan), Health & Wellness (Intermediate Lesson Plan), Health & Wellness (Upper-Intermediate Lesson), Exercises: Identifying Fragments and Run-on Sentences (Writing Errors), Speaking Activity: Giving Advice (Guess the Problem), Advice on Writing an Abstract for a Research Paper, The Difference between the Verbs Need and Require (English), Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below), Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action. They include the adjective + gerund & preposition + gerundpattern. Otherwise it's only opinion. What is something fun that have you decided ___________ (do) recently? In order to boost happiness, there are five methods people can use. Now he exercises every day and he looks better. Using stories is so useful. This refers to what or who is being discussed about in the sentence. The teacher was right. 6. All gerunds are based on verbs, with -ing added on the end. She decide/visit/ British Columbia. Patrick, Thank you very much for sharing your teaching technique :) Has been looking for something interesting and your ideas helped a lot :), great ideas, tnks, Ill use it on my lesson, Thanks for sharing these activities They will be quite useful for my classes. The. He began _____________ when he was a young child. Students may find that learning gerunds is . The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State, manages this site. swimming or the infinitive: to + verb e.g. However, some video gamers have made their hobby into a career! All that one can do is post a comment saying there's, Gerunds are often used to start sentences: "Fishing is my favourite sport." Competing as a professional video gamer is difficult. One day, she followed him home from work. However, some of the questions have errors. Choose one that suits your level and give it a shot with yourstudents. 3. Print out copies of the Unique Jobs cards in Appendix 1. 5. What are the infinitives? Has the cause of a rocket failure ever been mis-identified, such that another launch failed due to the same problem? Literature about the category of finitary monads, How to create a virtual ISO file from /dev/sr0. I anticipate having the report done by Friday. Verb Focus: love, start/stop, remember, forget, try. He liked skiing.. Identify the gerunds and infinitives in the second paragraph, The first paragraph uses second person (you) It uses one modal, "should," and the imperative voice. It is a sentence that begins in the middle of a paragraph and I'm using it as a transition. What job will they have? My job is to write short, likeable songs that can be used in commercials on television or the radio. (From time to time, I think about), What's an activity that you stopped doing at some point in your life? Alternative to beginning a sentence with "this"? Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Begin the next part of the lesson by having the students do a Think, Pair, Share: a. Finally, when they got inside the airport, Bernardo realized that he had forgottento pack clothes. shifting verb tenses back when the reporting verb is in the past tense) and, Activities for Teaching Gerunds & Infinitives (ESL). One of the easiest ways to correct them is to remove the period between the fragment and the main clause. Give the students time to read through the sentences written on the board. In English, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or an infinitive. I felt like I had done something truly special because even though there was still some time left in the game, my basket had given our team the space and confidence we needed to win. Such a creative idea you have on teaching this tough and theoretical lesson! Students can use their idea from Part 1 of this activity or create a new plan to follow. Make sure to do the practice exercise at the end, and check out the links if you'd like to learn more about gerunds and infinitives. Ask them what kinds of video games they play and what they enjoy about video games. This week, while students learn to use gerunds and infinitives, take some time to learn about the wide world of video games from them! Bernardo disliked _________________ (exercise), but he agreed _________________ (try) it. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. He tried to go every day, but sometimes he forgot to go. Second, it's important to notice the good things in life. discussions questions (there are some below)). Having to get up early wont bother me at all. Begin this activity by writing the year that is twenty years in the future on the board. ), They do not appreciate my singing. Bernardo loves _____________.